The withdrawal of American troops from Somalia will not necessarily mean the end of US military action in the African country.
Since this has also been based on dozens of airstrikes launched from bases outside Somali territory.
Since the beginning of the Trump presidency, Africom has intensified its air war in Somalia, carrying out 196 airstrikes with both drones and manned aircraft. According to the NGO Airwars, there were 38 attacks in 2017, 48 in 2018, 61 in 2019, and 49 in 2020.
As of April 2019, after investigations and lobbying by Amnesty International, Africom admitted to killing five Somali civilians and injuring eight others in four separate airstrikes. However, none of the family members or victims received compensation from the U.S. or Somali governments.
Then, exactly one year later, Africom released its first quarterly reports on civilian casualties: finally a hint of transparency in over 10 years of military operations conducted in Somalia.
Ultimately, regardless of whether or not troops are on the ground, human rights organizations demand that Africom provide justice and reparations for civilian victims of violations of international humanitarian law and their families.
by Basit Abbasi