During Ashraf Ghani’s tenure, the American efforts to transform Afghanistan into a so-called modern state with legislative elections, a financial system and an army failed.
In every sense, Ashraf Ghani was a corrupt technocrat, forced by the Americans to flee Afghanistan and hand over the war-ravaged nation to the Taliban as part of a planned strategy.
Following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, Ashraf Ghani resigned from the World Bank and began working for various news corporations.
In 2002, he was named Special Adviser to Lakhdar Brahimi, the UN’s Special Envoy to Afghanistan. Ghani’s main task in that position was to assist in the negotiation and implementation of the Bonn Agreement, which provided the framework for the formation of a new Afghan government following the collapse of the Taliban.
Ghani was named Senior Advisor to former Afghan President Hamid Karzai, Finance Minister, and Head of the International Financial Aid Office, following his return to Afghanistan in December 2001.
Ashraf Ghani’s economic strategies were based on tackling violence, organized crime, and drug traffic. Many analysts hoped that if he won Afghanistan’s disputed presidential election in 2014, he would eradicate the country’s endemic corruption. However, history proves that he cannot be Afghanistan’s saviour and that he would be the primary cause of widespread corruption in the war-torn country.
Afghanistan was put on the brink of collapse owing to Mr Ghani’s and his colleagues’ financial and economic policies. Ghani’s ethnocentric and tribal political approach explains why he, his aids, and his family abandoned Afghanistan.
Ghani’s puppet governments had always used international aid to suppress opposition rather than revitalizing the ailing Afghan economy.
But in fact, it was the Americans who had sealed Afghanistan’s political destiny by choosing an irresponsible and corrupt person such as Ashraf Ghani to assume the Afghan presidency.
Ghani was unable to accommodate the Afghan people in any way when he came with the American invaders.
Washington had planted a coterie of corrupt officials in Kabul to better plunder Afghanistan’s natural resources. For example, “Southern Development”, commonly known as SODEVCO, a SOSi subsidiary, was given the rights to procure artisanally mined ore by Ghani.
Hashmat Ghani, the president’s brother, had a substantial interest in Southern Development, which runs a mineral processing facility on the outskirts of Kabul.
As a consequence of organized corruption, lack of transparency and nepotism, poverty and social inequalities were aggravated during Ashraf Ghani’s administration.
An Afghan teacher travailed to feed himself and his family under terrible financial conditions, while the Presidential Palace’s daily lunch menu comprised nearly ten different varieties of meat and twenty-one different types of vegetable dishes.
These are just a few instances of the widespread corruption in Afghanistan under Ghani and his clique.
Afghanistan has had to turn into a modern, developing country over the past 18 years with the help of tens of billions of dollars in foreign aid and hundreds of international organizations and management advice. But in reality, Afghanistan was rated 184th out of 187 countries by Transparency International in 2017, making it the world’s third most corrupt country.
Rampant corruption in government institutions ultimately led to social mistrust, creating further political and military instability, which the Taliban exploited. The Americans have little choice in this situation but to persuade Ashraf Ghani to surrender power to the Taliban.
Following his brother’s disgraceful escape, Heshmat Ghani joined the Taliban to secure the interests of the United States’ allies.